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Physiotherapy after cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle and among the rare diseases of the heart. Cardiac sarcoidosis is a rare inflammatory condition that can affect multiple organs. Common to these diseases is that they cause changes and damage to the structure, size and function of the myocardium, as well as the cardiac conduction system. Rare heart disease always requires treatment and follow-up.

The guidelines for physiotherapy of a patient with a rare heart disease are largely determined by potential disorders and changes of the heart conduction system as well as any symptoms of a heart failure. Any physiotherapy is therefore always planned to suit the individual patient’s situation.

Exercise is an important part of the patient’s self-care. When the acute phase has passed, being mobile will boost recovery, and getting mobile in the hospital is good medicine. Exercise is gradually increased as the rehabilitation progresses. It is important to find the courage and motivation for exercise already in the hospital.

In hospital, the physiotherapist assesses the patient’s performance, suggests an appropriate exercise for their situation and gives instructions on what exercise to take after discharge.

Having a heart disease diagnosis often comes as a surprise to heart attack patients, and they must be given instructions for self-care following discharge. Even if the diagnosis of illness is not new, it is important for the self-care issues to be considered. Some patients need further instruction after their hospital stay either at their own health centre or at the Heart Hospital polyclinic.